Dental implants were invented by Per-Ingvar Branemark, a Swedish orthopaedic surgeon in the year 1952. A dental implant is a fixture placed into the jaw bone and allowed to furnish with the bone for fewer months. This entire process is done surgically. Dental implants act the root of the missing tooth. Dental implants are thinnest and hold stability without irritating the teeth nearby.
Dental implants are majorly made with metal titanium because it has the properties which mingle with the jaw bone without feeling outside of body object. The success rate of dental implants is near to 98%.
Why Dental implants?
Dental implants are used as a replaced of single or several teeth. Dental implants aim to give the functions of natural tooth or teeth artificially.
In general tooth, replacements are three types:
- Partial dentures
- Fixed bridges
- Partial dentures give pain when the time of removing and causes a lot of inconveniences.
- Fixed bridges should be reliable on the other natural tooth to create a bridge.
Implants directly inserted in the jaw bone and do not affect other teeth, so it is the major factor choosing the dental implant as the teeth replacement.
The main factors of dental implants to be considered are:
- Patient preference
- Jawbone health where a dental implant is to be placed
- Patient health
- Position of missing tooth.
The specialist examines the area of the implant, the patient health and gives a clinical estimation of the patient.
A dental implant gives many advantages over other dental replacement. The main thing to discuss the dental implants is they look like natural and gives the natural feel; its stability is added advantage
Types of dental implant
There are two types of dental implants
The endosteal implant is in the bone implantation.The subperiosteal implant lies under the gum tissue and top of the jaw bone. The subperiosteal implants yield a poor result in the long term than endosteal dental implants.
How Dental Implants Work
The main function of the dental implant is to replace the teeth. In other dental procedures, it gives its assistance.
Dental implants are a more stable, secure and comfortable fit. They provide all its support. Dental mini implants serve as temporary anchorage devices to move the teeth to the position we desired and for teeth movement. The mini dental implants can be removed once their services are enough.
In the cases of losing all their teeth due to decay and any other gum issues of any jaw, they can get a stable and comfortable treatment with fewer implants.
All-on-4 technique name was given by implant maker Nobel Biocare. With this technique, any jaw is filled with only four implants. Implants are placed surgically in strong areas.
This technique provides stability with a natural feel and oral health.
How Dental Implants Are Placed
In the process of dental consultation and clinical estimation, doctors examine the area of the jaw where to place an implant. They test the health of the jaw at the implant portion; they primarily extract the tooth and clean the area which affected.
In order to the implant, extraction of the tooth is main, If the jaw is healthy and enough bone is existing over that area implant will be carried and it is called immediate implant. After extraction of a tooth, if the bone is absent bone grafting is done in that area for a maximum of 6 months.
Bone grafting is a process when the jaw is too soft to hold dental implant strongly, in the absence of bone grafting, dental implant even may fail.
There are many bone grafting materials used to rebuild the jawbone and that bone grafting can be took from some parts of our body and that’s self-decision where the bone grafting can be taken. In some cases, the synthetic bone grating is available in the market to substitute the bone in the jaw.
Once the strong bone is present and the area is waiting to have a dental plant. The titanium post is drilled in the jaw with a healing cap over it and then the healing begins. It takes 6 months hardly to heal, during this period it should be tested periodically and regular doctor consultation is highly advisable.